The EpiPen’s active ingredient contains epinephrine. This chemical substance narrows blood vessels and opens airways in the lungs during an allergic response. EpiPens have become a household item for families with children as well as adults suffering from severe allergies. It can counteract effects such as wheezing, uneven breathing, increased or decreased heart rate, swelling and other potentially fatal reactions.
The allergic response often consist of an anaphylaxis reaction that can be treated with the use of an EpiPen. These reactions can include insect stings or bites, food, drugs, and other allergens. The EpiPen can also be used to treat exercise-induced anaphylaxis. The effects of an EpiPen are rapid but not long-lasting so it is advised to immediately seek medical attention.
The EpiPen Auto-Injector is a disposable, pre-filled automatic injection device that administers epinephrine in the event of a severe allergic reaction.
Grasp with orange tip pointing downward
Remove the blue safety cap by pulling straight up – do not bend or twist
Place the orange tip against the middle of the outer thigh
Swing and push the auto-injector firmly into the thigh until it “clicks”
Hold firmly in place for 3 seconds – count slowly, “1, 2, 3”
After injection, the orange cover automatically extends to ensure the needle is never exposed as built in needle protection.
Then immediately call 911 when finished.
This content was originally provided by Peng Yu-Shin PharmD candidate 2019